SHIPBUILDING INDUSTRY IN TURKEY
Turkey is surrounded by sea on three sides, is a natural bridge between Asia and Europe.
Turkey borders the Black Sea, the Mediterranean, the Aegean and the Sea of Marmara.
The growth of world trade, high freight rates, renewal of merchant fleets in accordance
with international rules and the China factor, who is number one in world trade, are
effective in the development of the sea transport and shipbuilding industry. As a result of
Turkey’s geographical location and global developments, Turkey’s shipbuilding industry
has been boosted.
Shipbuilding is a 600-year old tradition in Anatolia. The first shipyard was established in
1390, during the Ottoman reign in Gelibolu. In 1455, the foundation of the İstanbul Haliç
Shipyard, whose stone pools have survived to date, was laid by Fatih Sultan Mehmet. By
the 16th century, Turkish shipyards were already the largest in the world. Following the
foundation of the Republic, shipyards were given special importance. They were mostly
located around the Bosphorus and Haliç (the Golden Horn), but after 1969 they were
moved to Aydınlı Bay, Tuzla.
Traditional shipbuilding skills combined with modern techniques and education has
enabled the Turkish shipbuilding industry to develop into an internationally known
trademark since the early 1990’s. Turkey is a growing force within the international
maritime sector. The Turkish shipbuilding industry has modern, technologically developed
and quality certified shipyards, together with a well-experienced work force. The industry
has rapidly achieved significant development in a short period of time. In last five years
Turkey has improved its shipbuilding industry rapidly and becoming the fifth largest
shipbuilding country in the world.
A high expectation of development in the shipbuilding industry brings parallel investments.
The number of shipyards increased to 87 (3 military and 84 private). In Turkey’s shipyards
brand new ships, yachts, mega-yachts and sailing boats are being manufactured. In
addition to these, repair and maintenance services are provided. Turkish shipyards are
located in Tuzla, Marmara, Black Sea and Mediterranean regions.
Turkish shipyards have 1 million DWT(Deadweight ton) new ship building capacity, 14.6
million DWT repair and maintenance capacity, 600,000 ton steel processing capacity and
an 80,000 DWT new ship building capacity as one piece. Turkish shipyards have 15
floating docks of different sizes and one dry dock.
The Turkish shipbuilding industry makes a considerable contribution to the Turkish
economy with 1.5 billion $ from new ship building, and 1 billion $ from repair and
maintenance activities. Sector development also helps the domestic production of
materials and equipment which are used in shipbuilding. Furthermore, the industry creates
an employment opportunity for approximately 25,000 people directly and 63,000 people in
total with related industries.
72 ships with a total of 550,000 DWT had been delivered as of November 2009. The types
and tonnage capacities of these Turkish and foreign flag ships varied: petrol tankers,
chemical tankers, fishing boats, container ships, bulk carriers, yachts, tug boats, tankers,
sailing boats, general cargo ships, oil tankers, intervention crafts, coast guards, speed
boats, multi and special purpose ships, military vessels, servicing tankers, bunker barges,
tugboats, mega yachts and other types of sailing and motor boats. Ships produced in
© Republic of Turkey - Ministry of Economy, 2012
Turkey are manufactured in accordance with international standards (ISO 9000 and AQAP
Quality Certificates) and under the supervision of specific societies.
Being the top manufacturer of low-tonnage chemical tankers in Europe, Turkish shipyards
receive many orders for petrol tankers, chemical tankers, sailing and fishing boats.
Mega-yacht manufacturing is another important production area of Turkish shipyards. In
recent years Turkey has shown great progress in building and equipping boats, yachts and
mega yachts. Turkey has been number four on the world list of mega-yacht (yachts longer
than 25m) manufacturers.
In addition, repair and maintenance service for ships are provided. Many ships were
revamped or repaired, including their petrol platforms. Among the services provided by
Turkish shipyards, repair/maintenance plays an important role. In 2008 Turkey’s repair
maintenance operations reached 5,500,000 DWT.
Ship breaking is also important part of Turkish maritime sector. The ship scrapping sector
is a technological process involving demolition of old and/or decommissioned ships which
are out of service, respecting the environment and safety concerns. There are 21 ship
recycling companies operating in Turkey. The ship recycling capacity of these companies
is one million metric tons/year (5th largest recycling area in the world). In 2008, 152,757
tons were recycled in Turkey.
The Turkish shipbuilding industry has important export potential with increasing production
capacity. Exports realized US$ 1.1 billion in 2010 with a 39% decrease compared to the
previous year. In 2011 sector export increased US$ 1,2 billion with a %14,9 increase
compared to 2010. In 2011, exports of cruise ships, excursion boats, ferry-boats, cargo
ships, barges and similar vessels for the transport of persons or goods ranked first with a
value of US$ 822 million. Yachts and other vessels for pleasure or sports; rowing boats
and canoes exports realized US$ 251 million and ranked second in the overall shipbuilding
industry exports. The major markets for the Turkish shipbuilding industry are Malta,
Marshall Islands, Panama and United Kingdom.
Due to the developments in the Turkish shipbuilding industry and world demand, there has
been a sharp increase in production volume and product diversity at ship subsidiary
industries in Turkey. The sector can produce anchors, chains, bollards, locking
equipments, windlasses and equipment, electric cables and hydraulic units. In 2009 global
economic crisis affected the sector seriously but in 2010 and 2011 years the economic
climate has been recovering and that development also reflected on shipbuilding sector.
Marine propulsion engines are the main exported spare ship parts with a value of US$ 3.6
million dollar. The major markets for the Turkish ship subsidiary industry are the Iran, USA,
Germany and Greece.
Tüyap İstanbul İnternational Boat Show
18-25 February 2012, İstanbul
Fethiye Marina Yacht Show Fair 2012
9-13 May 2012,Muğla
Göcek Boat Expo
14-18 June 2012,Muğla
International Bodrum Yacht Show 2012
29 August 2 Eylül 2012,Muğla
Golden Horn Boat Show İstanbul
21-23 September 2012, İstanbul
31.İnternational İstanbul Boat Show Fair
29 Eylül-7 October 2012, İstanbul
Avrasya Boat Show 2012 6.Sea vessels, Equipment ve Accessories.
24 November-2 Dcember 2012, İstanbul
Turkish Shipbuilders Association
Ship and Yatch Exporters' Association
Keywords : shipbuilding , Turkish shipbuilding industry, Turkish shipbuilding companies