The history of Turkish ceramics can be traced back several thousand years. The first
notable ceramics from Turkish land were the tiles and bricks covered with coloured glazes
made in Anatolia for architectural purposes in the 13th century.
The Turkish classic ceramic art of “Çini” is famous throughout the world. Early Turkish
tribes who lived in Central Asia made the first examples of this ceramic art for their kitchen
and household use. Later, with the Seljuk movement this art came to Anatolia and became
a decorative art piece which was mostly used in the decoration of mosques, public libraries
and Turkish baths.
The first commercial production of ceramics started in 1965 with the foundation of the first
plant. At present, there are more than 60 establishments in ceramic production.
Turkey is rich in ceramic raw materials such as feldspar, clay, kaolin and quartz, and
Turkish ceramic raw material reserves are large enough to satisfy the demand. Most
Turkish firms have installed their own raw material preparation facilities within their
Ceramic industry is one of the fastest growing sectors of building materials industry in
Turkey. Production of ceramic tiles and sanitaryware can meets the domestic demand and
provides a significant export capacity.
Currently, 23 firms are actively carrying out production in the ceramic tiles sector.
Eczacıbaşı (VitrA), Kale, Toprak, and Ege Seramik Groups, which are the leaders in the
sector, are among the largest manufacturers in the world.
Today, about 40 manufacturer firms are operational in the Turkish sanitaryware sector.
Eczacıbaşı (VitrA), Kale Seramik and Serel Seramik, which are among the leading firms of
the sector, are also among the largest producers as well.
There are also significant acquisitions among the ceramic manufacturers. Engers Keramik,
a well-established player in the German tile market with a history dating back to 1911,
joined Eczacıbaşı’s Building Products Division in 2006. Engers produces 2,300,000 m2 of
highly fashionable wall tiles. In 2007, Eczacıbaşı's Building Products Division acquired a
51% share of V&B Fliesen, the tile division of Villeroy&Boch, one of the world's oldest and
best-known ceramic brands. V&B Fliesen produces 10,000,000 m2 of ceramic and
porcelain floor tiles annually at its two tile plants in Germany (Merzig and Mettlach) and the
plant in France (La Ferté-Gaucher). One of the main Turkish ceramic products
manufacturers, Kale Group, carried out the first foreign acquisition in Italy in 2011. Kale
has bought the whole Edilcuoghi company, which is engaged in the production of ceramic
tiles in the Sassuolo ceramic industry center that is located in Emilia-Romagna region of
Building Glass and Ceramics Companies in Top 500 Companies in Turkey
Company Name Location
1 Trakya Cam San. A.S. İstanbul- http://www.trakyacam.com.tr/Trakyacam/EN
2 Paşabahçe Cam San. Ve Tic. A.Ş. İstanbul- http://www.pasabahce.com.tr/Default.aspx
3 Kaleseramik Çanakkale Kalebodur Seramik Sanayi A.Ş. İstanbul- http://www.kale.com.tr/en
4 Eczacıbaşı Yapı Gereçleri San. Ve Tic. A.Ş. İstanbul- http://www.eczacibasi.com/
5 Anadolu Cam Sanayi A.Ş. İstanbul- http://www.anadolucam.com.tr/en/index.php
6 Vitra Karo San. Ve Tic. A.Ş. İstanbul- http://www.vitra.com.tr/
7 Anadolu Cam Yenişehir Sanayi A.Ş. İstanbul- http://www.anadolucam.com.tr/en/index.php
8 Paşabahçe Eskişehir Cam San. ve Tic. A.Ş. İstanbul- http://www.pasabahce.com.tr/Default.aspx
9 İzocam Tic. ve San. A.Ş. İstanbul-http://www.izocam.com.tr/tr-tr/ana-sayfa.aspx
10 Camiş Ambalaj San. A.Ş. İstanbul-http://www.camisambalaj.com/
11 Ege Seramik San. ve Tic. A.Ş. İzmir-http://www.egeseramik.com/en_index.aspx
12 Cam Elyaf Sanayi A.Ş. İstanbul-http://www.camelyaf.com/
Source: Istanbul Chamber of Industry-http://www.iso.org.tr/
Turkish wall and floor tiles and sanitaryware have exquisite designs and superior quality.
In the sector, designers prepare high prestige products and collections in line with the
trends and customer demand in a specific year. Turkish designers use Anatolian
influences as well as world trends in their ceramic patterns and designs. Most of the largescale
companies have ISO 9000 Standards, CE mark and the other valid standards in
Parallel to the positive developments in production, the Turkish ceramic industry also
shows an outstanding performance in exports. In recent years, Turkish ceramics industry
exports have shown an upward trend. While in 2010, exports of the building ceramics
industry were valued at US$787 million, in 2011 exports increased to US$883 million.
In 2011, ceramic wall and floor tiles had the largest share of exports among building
ceramic products with a value of US$521 million. Ceramic sanitaryware ranked second
with an export value of US$178 million.
In 2011 Turkish building ceramic products were exported to 158 countries in the world.
The European Union has a share of 49.9% in the building ceramics exports of Turkey. In
the same year, major markets for building ceramic products are Germany, the United
Kingdom, Israel, Iraq and France.
BUILDING GLASS INDUSTRY
Glass industry is one of the major industries which contribute to the construction industry
in Turkey. Historically, glass production dates back to the Seljuk Period. Furthermore,
substantial improvements were achieved in the 17th and 18th Centuries during the Ottoman
At present “Türkiye Şişe ve Cam Fab. A.Ş. (Şişecam Group)” is a group of companies in
the sector which accounts for approximately 90% of the annual production. The company
also has various packaging, chemical raw material and financial companies besides its
glass producing companies. Şişecam ranks second in Europe, third in the world in the
glass houseware field, fourth in Europe in the field of flat glass and glass packaging.
There are about 20 small and medium scale firms that produces glass in the sector other
than Türkiye Şişe ve Cam Fab. A.Ş. Turkish glass industry utilizes a highly sophisticated
production technology and a vast accumulation of know-how. Turkish glass industry had a
total capacity of 125.303 tons/year in 2010.
In 2011 building glass products were exported to 132 countries in the world. The European
Union has a share of 53.87% in the building glass exports of Turkey. In the same year,
major markets for Turkish building glass products are Germany (12.6%), Italy (8%), France
(5.7%) and Bulgaria (4.7%).
Turkish building glass and ceramic products are exhibited in international and local fairs
organised in Turkey. In 2012, the following fairs will be organised in Turkey:
“ISTANBUL WINDOW” (Window, Glass Technology, Accessories and Side Industries
Fair) in Istanbul in March,
“EURASIA FLOOR” (Carpets, Parquets, Ceramics, All Floor Coverings Fair) in
Istanbul in April,
“UNICERA” (Ceramic and Bathroom Fair) in Istanbul in March,
“INTERNATIONAL TURKEYBUILD ISTANBUL FAIR” (International Building
Construction Materials and Technologies Fair) in May in Istanbul,
“YAPEX CERAMICS & BATH” (Ceramics, Vitrified Products, Bathroom Armatures
and Accessories Fair) in Antalya in October,
“YAPEX WINDOOR FAIR” (Window-Door Systems, Accessories and Equipments
Fair) in Antalya in October,
“INTERNATIONAL TURKEYBUILD IZMIR FAIR” (International Building Construction
Materials and Technologies Fair) in October in Izmir.
Turkish Ceramics Federation
Eskisehir, Bilecik, Kutahya Ceramics Cluster Association
Cement, Glass and Ceramics Exporters’ Union
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