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TECHNICAL TEXTILES AND NONWOVENS INDUSTRY IN TURKEY
Technical Textiles and Nonwovens is the most developing and promising sector in the
global textile industry. The production and consumption of technical textiles and
nonwovens has gained great economic value in the last decade.
The demand for technical textiles and nonwovens is directly related to overall economic
developments and textile technology. The increase in GDP per capita in Turkey in recent
years has fueled demand for technical textile and nonwoven products such as feminine
hygiene products, diapers, medical textiles and disposable products. In addition, rapid
growth and the requirements in the automotive, construction, filtration, agriculture and
chemical industries have stimulated demand for technical textiles and nonwovens.
Today, many sophisticated, functional, high-tech and high performance textiles are
produced in Turkey including waterproof, windproof, breathable, flame retardant, antibacterial
fabrics and garments, tire cord fabrics, military and protective wear.
The production capacity in Turkey for nonwovens is over 110,000 metric tons per year.
Istanbul, Bursa, Gaziantep, Kocaeli and Tekirdağ are the major cities in the production of
technical textiles and nonwovens.
During the past decade, an increasing number of Turkish companies have moved into
technical textiles and nonwovens production because of the high value added of the
products and less vulnerability to price changes. Both production volume and the variety of
products are continuing to increase. There were 9 companies which dealt with technical
textiles and nonwovens among Turkey’s 500 largest companies in 2007.
There are more than 150 companies manufacturing technical textiles and non-woven in
Turkey. More than 20 large companies produce nonwoven roll goods. Most large-scale
Turkish nonwoven and technical textile companies are members of the European
Disposables and Nonwovens Association-EDANA.
The major end-user sectors for technical textiles and nonwovens in Turkey are automotive,
packaging, hygiene, medical supplies, construction, clothing, military, agriculture and
Turkey is an important producer of tire cord fabrics and industrial yarns.
Some Turkish companies have formed joint ventures with foreign technical textile firms,
especially in the production of technical fabrics.
Turkey is one of the world leaders in big bag (FIBC) production and ranked second in
world big bag (FIBC) exports in 2010 with a share of 18,3%.
There is a suitable infrastructure for technical textiles and nonwovens which is growing
and developing in terms of technology, human resources and know-how in Turkey. The
technical textile industry in Turkey has the benefit of a well-established textile
infrastructure, strong textile training and research institutions, a skilled workforce, the
availability of raw materials and a large domestic market. The Scientific & Technological
Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) and its subsidiary organizations, the Marmara
© Republic of Turkey – Ministry of Economy, 2012 3
Research Center (MAM) and the Bursa Test and Analysis Laboratory (BUTAL) provide
technical, testing and scientific assistance to the sector. TUBITAK provides research and
development aid to support companies which are conducting R&D projects, regardless of
the size of the company. In addition, a National Nano-technology Center has started
operating at Bilkent University in Ankara.
In 2011 the total value of technical textiles and nonwovens exports was estimated to
exceed US$ 1.6 billion. The main export products in 2011 were big bags (FIBC),
nonwovens, tire cord fabrics, technical fabrics, safety seat belts, sacks, bags, packing of
strip plastic materials and glass fibers and articles. The EU (Germany, France, Italy, the
UK, and Spain), the Russian Federation, the USA, and Romania are the most important
markets for Turkish technical textiles and nonwoven sectors.
Although all technical textiles products cannot be identified in the Harmonized System, the
major items are given in the table below.
A monthly issued magazine in English and Turkish, named Nonwoven Technical Textiles
Technology Magazine, is available since 2003. For detailed information please visit
© Republic of Turkey – Ministry of Economy, 2012 6
TRADE FAIRS OF 2012-2013
All of the trade fairs held in Turkey related to the technical textiles industry are listed at the
http://www.fuarrehberi.org.tr website which is an official website of the Union and
Chambers of Commodity Exchanges of Turkey (TOBB). Some of the trade fairs related to
the technical textiles industry are listed below.
HIGHTEX, Istanbul, Technical Textiles & Nonwovens and Weaving Technologies
International Istanbul Yarn Fair, Istanbul, May-June, Yarn Trade Event. Cotton
Yarns, Elastic Yarns, Wool Yarns, Polyester Yarns, Metallic Yarns.
The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey
Istanbul Textile and Apparel Exporters’ Associations
Aegean Exporters’ Associations
Uludağ Exporters’ Association
Denizli Exporters’ Association
Mediterranean Exporter Associations
Southeast Anatolia Exporters’ Associations
Ege University, Faculty of Engineering, Textile Engineering Department
The Istanbul Textile Research and Development Center (ITA)
Bursa Textile and Confection R&D Center (BUTEKOM)
KEYWORDS : technical textile and nonwovens, Turkish technical textile and nonwovens , Turkish technical textile and nonwovens industry , Turkish technical textile and nonwovens companies