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FURNITURE INDUSTRY IN TURKEY
Furniture production in Turkey dates back to the 19th century and was done in small
workshops as artisan production. However, by the rapid globalization and all other
aspects, present furniture industry is becoming a fashion sector.
In Turkey, furniture is produced both in workshops and industrial-scale manufacturing
units. Furniture production is highly fragmented among a large number of small
workshops. These small workshops play an important role in producing hand carved and
handmade furniture. Workshops are flexible establishments in nature and have enough
capacity and labor force to expand their production line in order to supply large orders.
Large-scale furniture firms produce standard models by using automated mass-production
techniques and most of their production is oriented towards export.
In accordance to data from Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat), in 2009 furniture
production was realized as 6.4 billion Turkish Liras. According to the recent General
Census of Industry and Business Establishments (2008), the furniture sector employs
150,427 people and the industry has 34,438 companies manufacturing various furniture.
Moreover, capacity data of The Union of Chambers of Commerce and Commodity
Exchanges of Turkey (TOBB) reports 40 companies who have over 250 employees and
155 companies who have over 100 employees. Besides, Istanbul Chamber of Industry’s
list of the top 500 industrial establishments of Turkey includes six furniture companies.
According to the list, these six companies are; Boytaş Mobilya San. ve Tic. A.Ş, Merkez
Çelik San. ve Tic. A.Ş, Merinos Halı Sanayi ve Tic. A.Ş, İstikbal Mobilya San. ve Tic. A.Ş,
Major SKT Oto Donanım San. ve Tic. A.Ş. and Teknik Malzeme Tic. ve San. A.Ş.
Furniture production in Turkey is concentrated mainly in İstanbul, Ankara, Bursa (İnegöl),
Kayseri, İzmir and Adana. The most important furniture production districts are İstanbul
and the region of Bolu-Düzce, which is famous for its production of wood products.
The well-known furniture-manufacturing district in Turkey, called “Siteler”, is located in
Ankara. The number of registered small and medium sized enterprises in “Siteler” is over
10,000. In Ankara, there are many labor–intensive small enterprises manufacturing
classical-handmade furniture and there are about 10 major furniture manufacturers who
have mass-production capabilities.
The wood industry is developing rapidly in the Bursa-İnegöl area, the third most important
furniture production region, which is surrounded by forest areas. The furniture industry of
the İnegöl area is small sized but has great potential to improve itself. Another important
furniture region is Kayseri, which has large capacity for the production of sofa beds, couch
beds and seven of the twenty two largest manufacturers of Turkey are established here.
İzmir also has a furniture production districts called “Karabağlar and Kısıkköy” which
supply furniture to the Aegean Region.
In Turkey, furniture production can be classified in accordance with materials used as
wooden furniture (massive and veneered), metal furniture and others. Wooden furniture
has a major share in total furniture production. As it is known for good quality furniture, the
types of wood used and plywood inputs have to be taken into consideration. The main
types of wood used in the manufacture of massive furniture in Turkey are ash, beech, oak,
pine, linden and mahogany. In veneered furniture, oak, beech, walnut and mahogany are
Turkish furniture factories use the latest technologies in producing furniture, which is
always up to world standards. Since 1990 the application of advanced technology and the
use of CNC benches in the Turkish furniture industry have been increasing. Today, all of
the large enterprises in the furniture sector use CNC benches. Most companies are
equipped with modern machinery which allows the production of good, export-quality
products. Quality control starts from the stage when the raw material is produced and
continues till the end of the packaging process. Most of the companies have already
obtained ISO 9000 certificates and other required quality certificates. The large scale firms
comply with world standards in their packaging processes. In packaging PE, PP, foam,
poly-urethane and cardboard boxes are used. Many of the large companies have special
As with many other consumer products, furniture production is sensitive to changes in
fashion. Since furniture design is an important aspect of marketing, Turkish designers are
constantly following consumer preferences in foreign markets and introduce new designs
and make model variations and improvements.
Turkish furniture manufacturers and exporters are aware of the fact that market trends and
consumer behavior play an important role in the development and design of new products.
Since Turkey has a strong textile industry, Turkish furniture manufacturers have the
advantage of being able to use and to monitor a wide range of colorful new fabric
collections as upholstery.
Turkey’s furniture exports have had an upward trend in recent years. In the last ten years,
exports of Turkish furniture increased from US $ 192,1 million in 2001 to US $ 1,607.3
million in 2011. This is mainly due to improvements in capacity, quality and design. The
export figure for 2011 was US $ 1,607 million, representing an increase of 18 % with
respect to the previous year. Main export products were: wooden furniture (excl. for
offices, kitchens and bedrooms, and seats), wooden furniture for bedrooms (excl. seats)
and seats for motor vehicles. In 2011, Turkey ranked third in the world exports of seats
convertible into beds which also traditional items which are showing the large family,
hospitality and past nomadic characteristics of our nation.
In 2011, Turkey exported furniture to 172 countries throughout the world. The main
markets for furniture exports were Iraq, Germany, Azerbaijan, Iran and France. In recent
years, Turkish furniture companies have been establishing showrooms and depots in
increasing numbers in most of these countries. The Turkish contracting sector is one of the
major sectors exporting services. Turkish contractor companies who have undertaken
construction work abroad have completed many housing complexes, tourism projects,
hospitals and health center projects, most of which were decorated with Turkish furniture.
Turkish furniture is designed and made from the highest quality materials to ensure
comfort, performance and attractive appearance for a very long life. Different styles are
produced such as classical, traditional and contemporary. With its designers and architects
combined with its flexible production capacity, the Turkish furniture industry is able to
satisfy the requirements of all individual markets all over the world.
Today, with all these aspects of the furniture industry, Turkey is among the most promising
furniture suppliers in the world.
TRADE FAIRS IN TURKEY
Turkish furniture is exhibited in many international and local fairs organized in Turkey. In
2012, over 20 fairs will be organized in this sector.
Some of them are;
MODEKO 2012 Izmir Furniture Fair, in Izmir, in April
ANKAMOB 2012 Ankara Furniture Fair, in Ankara, in April
K.MOB 2012 Kayseri Furniture Fair, in Kayseri, in April
MODEFEXPO 2012 Furniture and Decoration Fair, in Bursa, in April and in October
ZOW 2012 Furniture Components and Accessories Fair, in Istanbul, in September
Furniture Decoration Fair 2012 of Turkey, in Ankara, in October
INTERMOB 2012 15. International Furniture Related Industry, Accessories,
Forestry Products and Wood, in Istanbul, in October
Adana Furniture - Decoration Fair 2012, in Adana, in October
USEFUL LINKS AND ADDRESSES
Istanbul Union of Wood and Forestry Products Exporters
Aegean Forestry and Wooden Products Exporters' Union
Mediterranean Wooden And Forestry Products Exporters Union
Kayseri Chamber Of Furniture Manufacturers And Wood Workers
Association Of İnegöl Carpenters And Sellers/Makers Of Furniture
Ankara Chamber of Carpenter Trademen and Craftmen
Address : Yapıcı Sok. No:1/A 1, Siteler 06160, Altındağ ANKARA
Tel : (+90 312) 3494729
Fax : (+90 312) 3489167
E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
Ankara Chamber of Furniture & Lacquerers Trademen & Craftmen
Address : Yapıcı Sok. No:1/A 1, Siteler 06160 Altındağ ANKARA
Tel : (+90 312) 3493535 /36
Fax : (+90 312) 3492680
E-mail : email@example.com
Izmir Chamber of Carpenters and Wood Workers
Address : 661/1 Sok. No:33 Şirinyer İZMİR
Tel : (+90 232) 2375152
Fax : (+90 232) 2543161
E-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org
TAGS : Turkish furniture industry, Turkish furniture manufacturers, Turkish furniture suppliers, Turkish furniture exporters, import furniture from Turkey, buy furniture from Turkey