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  Dış Ticaret Haberleri

Electrical Machinery and Cables Market

TURKEY ELECTRICAL MACHINERY AND CABLES MARKET

HS Numbers: 8501-8510, 8516, 8532-8548

PRODUCTION

 

The Turkish electrical machinery sector vitalized itself in the 1990’s by diversifying its

products and adopting recent technologies in product design and in production processes.

The share of the electrical machinery and Cable industry is 4.42% of total exports with a

value of US $ 5,97 billion in 2011.

 

Turkey produces almost every kind of electrical machinery including: isolated cables and

wires; domestic electrical appliances; AC motors; small motors for domestic electrical

appliances; all types of power transformers, distribution transformers, and measurement

transformers, power generators and electrical equipment such as breakers, contactors,

fuses, capacitors, relays, panels and cells; insulators; indoor installation materials and

accumulators; batteries; lighting materials; electric carbons and uninterrupted power

sources.

 

The Turkish electrical machinery industry is composed of more than 5,000 companies with

medium and small sized companies dominating the industry. The number of people

employed in this sector is approximately 56,000. Manufacturing sites are mainly located in

the Marmara, Central Anatolia and Aegean Regions of Turkey. İstanbul, Bursa, Konya,

İzmir, Ankara and Kayseri are the major cities in electrical machinery and parts production.

 

Isolated Cables and Wires

 

Isolated cables and wires have the largest share in the total exports of the Turkish

electrical machinery industry. The share of the cables and wires subsector equals 38.7%

of the exports of the electrical machinery industry in 2011. The electrical cables industry in

Turkey is composed of medium and large sized establishments as well as small sized

plants, with most situated in İstanbul. Turkey has a large potential for cable production.

 

There are approximately 23 firms operational in the isolated enamelled winding wire

industry, which is an important component of electrical cables. The majority of them are

composed of small-capacity plants, with a production capacity of about 25,000 tons.

Although the capacity of these establishments is relatively small compared with European

firms, these plants use high technology.

 

Transformers

The share of the transformers subsector equals 12.2% of the exports of the electrical

machinery industry in 2011. Power and distribution transformers and measurement

transformers are produced effectively in Turkey. The production of power and distribution

transformers is realized by nine large and medium sized companies. The capacity of

distribution and power transformers in these plants is about 27,000 MVA. The technology

used in these factories is compatible with world standards and the quality of Turkish

engineering in power transformers is high. In addition, there are 12 large companies which

produce measurement transformers up to 400 KV. The measurement transformers

industry is competitive in world markets with its technology and product quality.

 

 

Domestic electrical appliances

 

The domestic electrical appliances industry is one of Turkey’s well-established and

dynamic sectors. The Turkish domestic electrical appliances sector has a wide product

range from electrical shavers to microwave ovens. Sector production has been rising

continuously since the 1950s. In terms of quantity, domestic electrical appliances

production was about 18.4 million units in 2010. Among domestic electrical appliances

refrigerators are the most important items with nearly 6.3 million units produced and 4.6

million exported in 2010 . In the year of 2011, nearly 6 million units of refrigerators were

exported. There are approximately 800 firms operational in the domestic electrical

appliances sector employing 18,433 workers. Production lines are mostly in the Marmara,

Aegean and Central Anatolia regions of Turkey. The main factories are located in İstanbul,

Manisa, Eskişehir, Bolu, Gebze, Bursa, İzmir, Ankara, Kocaeli, Yalova, Kayseri, Konya

and Bilecik.

 

Electric generator and motors

Electric motors and generators industry exports comprise 2,2 % of the exports of Turkish

electrical machinery in 2011. In Turkey, the production of small capacity motors for

domestic electrical appliances is successfully carried out by nine medium sized

companies. In addition, there are a few large companies producing specialized high

capacity electric motors up to 160 KW.

 

The production of other important electrical equipment such as medium voltage breakers,

relays and protection systems; low voltage panels and cells; ceramic insulators and power

generators; contactors; fuses; capacitors; indoor installation materials;, lighting materials;

accumulators and batteries is carried out by medium and large sized companies in an

efficient way. For medium voltage breakers, the annual production capacity of the large

sized companies is 22,750 units. Technology and quality are being improved continuously.

,The production of low voltage panels and cells meets domestic demand. Annual

production capacity of the companies operational in the sector is about 190,000 cells.

There are 2 medium scale companies in the ceramic insulator sector. Also, there are a

large number of small scale producers, amounting to a total capacity of 2,500 tons/year.

The Turkish electrical machinery manufacturers/exporters follow EU technical standards

and norms. It is obligatory to affix the “CE Mark” in the Turkish market.

 

 

 

 

EXPORTS

 

At present, electrical machinery and cable industry exports comprise 4.42% of total

exports. The total export value of electrical machinery was US $ 4.9 billion in 2010 and US

$ 5.97 billion in 2011. Turkish-made electrical machinery is exported to almost 200

countries throughout the world. In 2010, the United Kingdom was the major buyer of

Turkish electrical machinery. Other principal export markets of Turkish electrical machinery

are Iraq, Germany, France, Russian Federation, Italy, Turkmenistan, Saudi Arabia and

Israel.

 

The main export products are insulated wires and cables, electric transformers, domestic

electrical appliances, switching equipment, electric boards and panels, generating sets

and electric accumulators. Among product groups, insulated wires and cables have the

largest share in the total exports of electrical machinery. The share of insulated wires and

cables in the exports of electrical machinery is 38.7%. Producer and exporter firms in the

cable sector are competitive in international markets with their capacity, technology,

service and quality. In spite of intense competition in international markets, Turkish cable

exports are expected to increase further.

 

The other significant export product, electric instantaneous water heater, space htg; hair

dryer account for 14.3% and electric transformers account for 12,22% of the total exports

of the sector. Major export markets for transformers are: Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, UK,

Libya, UAE, Germany, Nigeria, Turkmenistan and India.

 

 



TRADE FAIRS OF 2012

You can check the list of international and national trade fairs which will be held in 2012,

on “electrical machinery, equipment, technology and cables and wires” from “Turkey Fair

Guide 2012” web-site (www.fuarrehberi.org.tr)

 

USEFUL LINKS

􀂃 General Secretariat of Central Anatolian Exporters’ Union

www.oaib.org.tr/en

 

􀂃 Machinery and Accessories Exporters’ Union

www.makinebirlik.com/en

 

􀂃 Istanbul Minerals and Metals Exporters Union

www.immib.org.tr/en

 

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