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Vehicle industry production in Turkey dates back to the mid-1950s and the industry gained
momentum in the early 1960s. After manufacturing some prototype vehicles during the
1950s, the first vehicle assembly company was established in 1954 (Turk Willys Overland
Ltd.) for jeep manufacturing. By 1955, trucks, and by 1963, buses were being assembled
in Turkey. Then passenger car assembly companies, namely TOFAŞ (FIAT), OYAK
(RENAULT) and OTOSAN (FORD) began operations in the next three years. In 1966, the
industry also began to assemble its own cars (OTOSAN). The Turkish-made passenger
car of those times, “ANADOL”, is nostalgia now. The two major producers of cars, TOFAŞ
and OYAK-RENAULT, under Italian and French licenses respectively, established their
production lines in 1971. Recently, Japanese and South Korean car manufacturers have
established joint-ventures in Turkey. In 1999, Turkish truck manufacturer BMC began to
export its own design trucks to the United Kingdom, Spain and Portugal. As to passenger
cars and light commercial vehicles, Turkish manufacturers are becoming world production
centers of global companies, with whom they have license agreements.
At present, Turkey is the biggest light commercial vehicle and bus manufacturer in the European Union.
Today, 13 companies are manufacturing various types of vehicles such as passenger
cars, buses, trucks, pick-ups, mini and midi-buses and trailers. Five companies are
producing passenger cars (FIAT, HONDA, HYUNDAI, RENAULT, TOYOTA), ten
companies are producing pick-ups and trucks (ANADOLU ISUZU, BMC, FORD OTOSAN,
HYUNDAI, KARSAN, M.A.N., MERCEDES-BENZ, OTOKAR, TEMSA, TOFAŞ) and nine
companies are producing buses and mini buses ( BMC, FORD, HYUNDAI, ANADOLU
ISUZU, KARSAN, M.A.N, MERCEDES-BENZ, OTOKAR, TEMSA).
The Turkish vehicle industry has a total capacity of 1,6 million vehicles, of which 1.4 million
(86%) is for light vehicles (passenger cars, minibuses and pick-ups). The total vehicle production in 2011
was 1.189.131 units (excluding tractors) which is a record for the
Turkish automotive industry .
There are 9 commercial vehicle manufacturers in Turkey. Five companies operate in the
agricultural tractor sector. The three major companies (TÜRK TRAKTOR, TUMOSAN and
HATTAT TARIM) are the leading producers and exporters in the agricultural tractor sector
Oyak-Renault was the biggest manufacturer with 330.994 units of passenger cars
vehicles, followed by Tofas-Fiat with 307.788 units of LCV’s and passenger cars. Ford
Otosan was the third top producer with 295.850 units, followed by Toyota with 91.639 units
of passenger cars.
ANADOLU ISUZU is a joint venture between Turkey’s Anadolu Group and Isuzu Motors
and the Itochu Corporation. Its main area of operations is the production and marketing of
commercial vehicles, including light trucks, trucks, pick-ups and midibuses.
BMC, is one of the Turkey’s leading commercial vehicle manufacturers active in all
commercial vehicle segments. In 1980s, all shares of BMC were acquired by Çukurova
Holding. The company manufactures Levend and Megastar light trucks and heavy commercial vehicles; BMC
Professional and BMC Fatih. Today, with its production capacity of 22.000 vehicles per annum, BMC export to
over 70 countries around the world.
The other major vehicle producer is FORD OTOSAN, a joint venture between Ford and
Koc Holding which first began assembling Ford cars in 1984. Ford Otosan has three
factories in Turkey. Since 2007, the company has been more interested in R&D activities
through the establishment of Gebze Technology Center. The company TecFord Otosan,
which has a 330,000 unit annually capacity, exports a major part of its production line.
HONDA TURKIYE, with its plant at Gebze near Istanbul, commenced operations in 1998,
manufacturing passenger cars.
HYUNDAI ASSAN produces passenger cars, pick-ups and minibuses. The company is a
joint venture between South Korea’s Hyundai Motor Company and the Turkish company
Kibar Holding. The Kocaeli plant is still Hyundai’s only passenger car plant in Europe.
Based in Bursa, KARSAN, is engaged in the manufacture of Peugeot Partner, Hyundai HD
35/75, Renault Trucks Premium and Premium Lander under the Renault license, Citroen
Berlingo under the Citroen license, its own brand Karsan J Series and BredaMenarinibus
MAN Turkiye, based in Ankara, produces buses and trucks as part of a joint venture with
MERCEDES-BENZ TURK was founded in 1967 as a joint venture between Daimler-Benz
A.G., Mengerler Ticaret and Has Otomotiv under the name of Otomarsan. Mercedes-Benz
Türk produces trucks and buses in two plants in Aksaray and Hoşdere/Istanbul. Today,
foreign partners of the company are Daimler-Chrysler and Overseas Lending Group. The
company is the largest full-size bus producer in Turkey.
OTOKAR manufactures a range of commercial vehicles. It produces passenger vans,
mini-buses, pick-ups, police team vehicles and mobile patrol vehicles.
OYAK RENAULT, the largest producer of passenger cars in Turkey. Oyak Renault is a
joint venture between the Turkish Oyak Group and the French carmaker Renault.
TEMSA, being one of Turkey's leading automotive companies, manufactures and
distributes Temsa brand buses and coaches in domestic and international markets. At the
same time, the Company represents Mitsubishi and Komatsu as their distributor in Turkey.
The production capacity of Temsa Adana plant is 3,250 buses and coaches per year and
7,500 light trucks, which is annually 10,750 vehicles in total.
TOFAŞ is a joint venture between Fiat Auto and Koc Holding. In October 2000, Tofaş
began production of the new Fiat model called Doblo, a light van/multi-purpose vehicle,
which is aimed largely for the export market. The Doblo is exported mainly to European
Countries. In 2007, TOFAŞ started its Minicargo project which includes producing the
same light commercial vehicle for three different brands which are Fiorino (FIAT), Bipper
(PEUGEOT) and Nemo (CITROEN).
Toyota Motor Manufacturing Turkey is one of Toyota's vehicle production bases in Europe.
Located in Arifiye, Sakarya/Turkey, Toyota Turkey manufactures Verso and Auris models
Most of the vehicle manufacturing companies are organized under the Automotive
Manufacturers Association (OSD, Otomotiv Sanayicileri Derneği, http://www.osd.org.tr)
Turkey’s total automotive vehicle exports in 2011 reached 805.660 units, corresponding to
a 11,2% increase in value compared to 2010. The export value of passenger cars, trucks
and buses was US$ 6,5 billion, US$ 4 billion and more than US$ 1 billion respectively. The
main export markets for the automotive industry are France, Italy, Germany, the United
Kingdom, the Russian Federation, Spain and USA.
Turkish spare parts industry produces parts and pieces for the vehicles manufactured in
our country and in the global market, as well as for the OEM and After Market.
Turkey has a strong component sector and in recent years, it has developed a highly
competitive components industry providing products compatible with brands such as GM,
Mercedes, BMW, Opel, Toyota, Fiat and Ford. The Turkish spare parts industry, with its
large capacity, and a wide variety of production and high standards, supports automotive
production and the vehicle park in Turkey (15 million vehicles), and has ample potential for
The Turkish automotive and spare parts industry is concentrated in the Marmara Region,
mainly in Bursa. Two major car factories and two “Organized Industrial Zones” are located
in Bursa. Other important cities are Istanbul, İzmir, Kocaeli, Ankara, Konya, Adana and
Manisa. Another development in the Turkish Auto Parts Industry is the establishment of
the TAYSAD Components Manufacturers Industrial Zone (TOSB). The “Association of
Automotive Parts and Components Manufacturers” (TAYSAD, http://www.taysad.org.tr),
began the TOSB project for its members in 1999. TOSB, covering a 2500 hectare area in
Kocaeli, provides its members with larger production sites, modern environmental facilities,
proximity to vehicle manufacturers, training and conference facilities, inter-enterprise
cooperation, and a technology and innovation center.
Due to the high export potential of the sector and Turkey’s regional advantages, the spare
parts sector has been attracting foreign investors. At present, the number of foreign
investors in the spare parts sector is 200. Most of the world leaders in the sector have
joint-ventures with Turkish companies.
Turkish automotive manufacturers are in direct contact with local spare parts
manufacturers for procurement and 70% of these companies are SMEs. The total number
of spare parts manufacturers in Turkey is about 4000. The export volume of spare parts
sector reached US$ 8.3 billion for the year 2011. The Turkish spare parts industry
produces almost all parts and components. At present, the local parts and components
production consists of:
Engine and engine parts
Power train parts and components
Brake and clutch parts and components
Hydraulic and pneumatic systems
Rubber and plastic parts
Chassis frame and parts
Castings and forgings
Electrical equipment and parts, lighting systems
Spare parts industry manufacturers are exerting intense efforts to obtain quality
certificates. Most members of TAYSAD have quality certificates such as the ISO 9000
Series and others. In fact, Turkish spare parts manufacturers are the pioneers of Turkish
companies for “The European Quality Award”. BRISA, a tyre producing company, was the
first winner of “The European Quality Award” in 1996. Then, BEKSA won the “The
European Quality Award” in the category of small and medium sized enterprises in 1997.
BEKSA, which was established in 1987, produces steel cord and bead wire for tyre
reinforcement and hose wire for high pressure hoses. In 2002, BOSCH Sanayi ve Ticaret
A.S. was awarded with a prize in the “operational units category” in 2003 by European
Foundation for Quality Management. The Bursa Bosch Diesel plant received the European
Quality Award in the field of Organisational Excellence, the most prestigious award in the
category. Bosch Bursa Diesel Plant has received the EFQM Excellence Award 2008 on
the 28th of October during the Award Ceremony held in the Louvre Museum, Paris. Bosch
Bursa Diesel plant is the first company in Turkey to win the EFQM Excellence Award for
the second time. Bosch Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. produces injectors, nozzle holder
assemblies and injectors for common-rail systems.
Exports of the Autoparts Industry
Turkey's spare parts industry exports are increasing significantly with the focus on
replacement components. The main spare parts products exported are engine parts, tyres
and tubes, accessories for bodies, road wheels and parts, rubber parts for motor vehicles,
transmission shafts and cranks. In fact, Turkey exports many cars, buses and trucks in
parts. In terms of the breakdown of spare parts exports by province, Bursa, Istanbul,
Kocaeli and Izmir have the major share. The number of companies in the spare parts
industry is about 4000. Approximately 400 auto parts exporters operate in the country, and
around 70% of their output is exported to the European Union.
Turkish spare parts products are destined for a wide range of countries in the world. The
main export markets are Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, Romania, Iran,
Spain, the United States, Belgium, the Russian Federation, Poland, Brazil and the
Turkish spare parts exporters follow European and international standards and norms.
Many supplier companies have important, high-level customers like Porsche, Bentley,
BMW, Jaguar, Land Rover, Audi, Daimler Benz and Mercedes and major European
producers such as OPEL, VW, FORD and GM.
Uludag Exporter’s Union
Automotive Manufacturers Association
Association of Automotive Parts and Components Manufacturers
keywords: Turkish automotive parts and component manufacturers ,Turkish automotive and spare parts exporters,
Turkish automotive and spare parts suppliers